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DESCRIPTION

A citadel of culture and camels, this royal fortified city has a timeless appeal. Dotted with many sand dunes, Bikaner is an oasis. The rocky outcrop in a barren landscape provides a dramatic setting for the Junagarh Fort, one of the finest in Rajasthan. The old walled city also retains the medieval splendor, which pervades the lifestyle of the city.

More popularly called the camel country, the city is renowned, for the best riding camels in the world, which is an inseparable part of life here. The magnificent forts and palaces, created with delicacy in reddish-pink sandstone, bear testimony to its rich historical and architectural legacy. Undulating bazaars and bright cheerful folks make Bikaner an interesting experience.


HISTORY

History of Bikaner dates back to 1488 AD, when a Rathore Prince, Rao Bikaji - a descendant of the founder of Jodhpur (Rao Jodhaji), established his kingdom here. Rao Jodhaji had five sons, but Rao Bikaji was the most enterprising of them. Bikaji chose a barren wilderness and called it Jangladesh and transformed it to an impressive city, called Bikaner after the name of the founder.


CULTURE

Bikaner stands on a slightly raised ground and is circumscribed, by a seven km long embattle wall with five gates. The magnificent forts and palaces, created with delicacy in reddish-pink sandstone, bear testimony to its rich historical and architectural legacy. Undulating lanes, colorful bazaars and bright and cheerful folks make Bikaner an interesting experience.


FOOD

Who does not know the famous Bikaneri Bhujia! Alongwith the usual spicy Rajasthani cuisine, a buffet of snacks and mini meals are the speciality of the city.


SHOPPING

The famous bandhni sarees are found here in abundance. Traditional mirror work cushion covers, jooties and low pidhis are good buys. Puppets, camel leather goods and handloom shawls are typical souvenirs.


ENTERTAINMENT

Camel Safari Camel Festival, Bikaner (January): An enchanting desert city which comes alive with music and dance. It is fast gaining popularity as the visitor finds an opportunity to see some unusual folk performances, camel, race camel dance etc. here.


USEFUL INFORMATION

Location :     


The third city comprising the Desert triangle, the other two being Jaisalmer and Jodhpur. Is in western Rajasthan, 354 km from Jaipur, 312 km from Jaisalmer and 256 km from Jodhpur. Delhi is 480 km from Bikaner.

Climate :

Extreme and typical desert type with hot days and cool nights. The maximum and minimum temperatures in summer are 41.8°C and 28°C. The winter maximum and minimum are 23.2°C and 5°C respectively.


BIKANER SIGHT-SEEING

Junagarh Bikaner

Built in 1593 AD by Raja Rai Singh, a general in the army of Emperor Akbar, the fort is a formidable structure, encircled by a moat and has some beautiful palaces within. These palaces, made in red sandstone and marble, make a picturesque ensemble of courtyards, balconies, kiosks and windows dotted all over the structure.




Lal Garh

Maharaja Ganga Singh, in the memory of his father Maharaja Lal Singh, built the palace, which is an architectural masterpiece in red sandstone. The palace has beautiful latticework and filigree work. Sprawling lawns with blooming bougainvillea and dancing peacocks, has been converted into a luxury hotel and a museum known as Shri Sadul museum. The museum covers the entire first floor of the palace and houses well preserved old photographs and trophies of wildlife.



Ganjer Wildlife Sanctuary Bikaner

The lush foliage of woods on the Jaisalmer road is a haven to nilgai, chinkara, black buck, wild boar and flocks of imperial sand grouse. The Gajner palace, a summer retreat of the kings, stands on the bank of the lake and has been converted into a hotel.




Deshnoks Karni Mata Temple Bikaner

The famous 600 year old temple on the Jodhpur road, is dedicated to Karni Mata, an incarnation of Goddess Durga. The temple has huge intricately carved silver gates, which were donated by Maharaja Ganga Singh. The most interesting things about the temple are the rats that scamper freely within the sanctum sanctorum of the temple. They are regarded as sacred and are fed by priests and devotees, owing to the belief that they will be reincarnated as holy men.















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