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DESCRIPTION

The picturesque capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is also known as the Pink city. The color pink is associated with culture. There is a timeless appeal in the colorful bazaars of Jaipur, where one can shop for Rajasthani handlooms and trinkets.
Beautifully laid out gardens and parks, attractive monuments and marvelous heritage hotels, which were once the residence of Maharajas, are worthy of admiration. Not to mention the ambling camels and cheerful people in multi-hued costumes, that makes your trip to the pink city a memorable one.


HISTORY

Built in 1727 A. D. by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, Jaipur displays a remarkable harmony and architectural splendor. The ancient heart of the pink city still beats in its fairy-tale palaces; rugged fortresses perched on barren hills and broad avenues, which dot the entire city. The only planned city of its time, a formidable wall encircles Jaipur.
A young Bengali architect, Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, formalized the plans of the city, in a grid system. The wide straight avenues, roads, streets, lanes and uniform rows of shops on either side of the main bazaars, were arranged in nine rectangular city sectors (Chokris), in accordance with the principles of town planning set down in the Shilpa Shastra - an epochal treatise on the Hindu architecture.


CULTURE

Hospitality is the main feature of the cultural specialties here. The city is also known for its colorful atmosphere, associated with well being and cheer.


FOOD

Panghat packs dinner and traditional entertainment together, in a cocktails and Tandoori fare at the Taj Rambaghs amphitheater.
Suvarna, also at Rambagh, is a multi-cuisine restaurant.
Lakshmi Misthaan Bhandaar, popularly known as LMB, gives you Rajasthan on a plate including their renowned ghewar.
Copper Chimney (multi-cuisine - close to GPO) offers a deal of Rs 200-Rs 250 per person for any course (vegetarian or non-vegetarian).
Pizza Hut is at the Ganapati Plaza (Tel: 388 627 for free home delivery) For a taste of real Rajasthan, complete with heat and dust, drive out to Tonk Road.
Choki Dhani (22 km out of the city). Dont expect to find tables and settle down to a traditional vegetarian meal, laced with desi ghee. While there you can also watch folk performances or go on a camel ride (recommended before lunch or dinner!).

SHOPPING

Jaipur is famous for its lacquer jewelry, painted with enamel, encrusted with kundan, sell lacquer jewelry. Precious and semi-precious stones including garnets, emeralds, rubies, topaz and amethyst are also very popular with tourists. Tie-and-dye work on silk and crepe and the Sanganer block prints are the specialties of Jaipur.
Large and small units of block and screen printers at Sanganer village produce some of the finest hand-printed textiles. You can purchase Sanganer bed linen, table linen and dress material on a variety of fabrics in the village or at any outlet in the Pink City. Ethnic block prints can also be bought at Anokhi.
Crafts Impression, 17 Civil Lines offers traditional crafts of Rajasthan. Khadi Ghar and Rajasthali are places where you should definitely have a browse.
While in Sanganer, dont forget to check out Jaipur blue pottery. The thumb rule for bargaining at roadside stalls still operates here. So you can make some good buys. The Jaipuri razai is also very popular.
Pizza Hut is at the Ganapati Plaza (Tel: 388 627 for free home delivery) For a taste of real Rajasthan, complete with heat and dust, drive out to Tonk Road.
Choki Dhani (22 km out of the city). Dont expect to find tables and settle down to a traditional vegetarian meal, laced with desi ghee. While there you can also watch folk performances or go on a camel ride (recommended before lunch or dinner!).


ENTERTAINMENT

The Gangaur fair, dedicated to the Goddess Gauri, is celebrated in the months of April and March. Theres a lot of singing, dancing and processions with colourful costumes.
The Elephant Festival during March is awesome with its games of elephant polo and tug-of-war sessions between the animals and men. The Teej Fair in July-August is the festival of swings, celebrated during the monsoons.


USEFUL INFORMATION

Location :     


Enveloped by the craggy Aravalli range in a peninsular fashion, Jaipur is situated in the heart of the Thar Desert in northwest India, 262-km southwest of Delhi.

Climate :

Jaipur has moderate to very hot climate throughout the year.
Temperatures range from 30°C to 46°C in the summer and between 7°C and 27°C in the winter.


JAIPUR SIGHT-SEEING

Jaipur City Palace

In the heart of the old city, is the former royal residence, built in a blend of the Rajasthani and Mughal styles. Grey-white marble columns, ornate with floral motifs in gold and coloured stones, support the carved arches. Two carved elephants in marble guard the entrance. The retainers whose families have served generations of rulers serve as guides. The Palace houses a museum with a superb collection of Rajasthani costumes and armory, of Mughals and Rajputs, including swords, of different shapes and sizes with chased handles, some of them inlaid with enamel and embellished with jewels, and encased in magnificent scabbards. The palace also has an art gallery, with an excellent collection of miniature paintings, carpets, royal paraphernalia and rare astronomical works, in Arabic, Persian, Latin and Sanskrit, acquired by Sawai Jai Singh II, to study astronomy in detail. The palace is within city limits and accessible by road.

Hawa Mahal

Built in 1799 A.D. the Hawa Mahal or Palace of winds is a major Rajput landmark. This five-storey building, along the main street of the old city, is in pink splendor, with semi octagonal and delicately honey combed sandstone windows. The monument was originally conceived, with the aim of enabling ladies of the royal household, to watch the everyday life and royal processions of the city.


Amber Fort

Amer or Amber was the former capital of the Kachhwaha Rajputs, of the old state of Dhundhar, for seven centuries. In the high season, this is one of India's most popular tourist sites, with continues a train of colorfully decorated elephants, walking up and down the ramp. From the side of the main road, one can catch a dramatic view of the hilltop palace. The Palace and the Jaigarh fort show distinct Mughal influence.


Jantar Mantar

This stone observatory is the largest of Jai Singh's five remarkable observatories. Its complex instruments, whose settings and shapes are scientifically designed, represent the high points of medieval Indian astronomy. The most striking of these are the Ram Yantras used for gauging altitudes.





B M Planetarium

The Planetarium offers unique audio-visual education and entertainment, with its modern computerized projection system. For school groups, concessions are available. It is closed on the last Wednesday of every month.



Albert Hall Museum

Sawai Ram Singh II built it in 1868 A.D. as a famine relief project and it includes a lush spacious garden with a zoo, an aviary, a greenhouse, a herbarlum, a museum and a popular sports ground. The Albert Hall, a fine example of Indo-Sarcenic style of architecture, designed by Sir Swinton Jacob, was opened later with an exquisite collection of sculptures, paintings, decorative wares, natural history specimen, an Egyptian mummy and the celebrated Persian carpet. Recently, the Rabindranath Manch, with an auditorium, a modern art gallery and an open-air theatre, has been added to promote cultural events.









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