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DESCRIPTION

The Blue City of Rajasthan, Jodhpur is the second biggest city and is on the edge of Thar Desert. It was established by Rao Jodha, in the 15th century and has become the largest and the most progressive of the Rajput states. In Jodhpur, the genius of the sculptors comes to life, in its exquisite palaces, forts, temples and havelis, which stand as a testimony to the imperial grandeur.

The most alluring part of Jodhpur is the traditional lifestyle, festivity and the smiling people, who treasure this former Princely state. Jodhpur, the land of royalty, is a glittering jewel set in the golden sands of barren desert landscape.


HISTORY

In 1459 AD, Rao Jodha, chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs, who claimed descent from Rama, the epic hero of the Ramayana, laid the foundation of Jodhpur. The Rathore kingdom was once known as Marwar, the Land of Death.

A 10 km. long wall, which was built, surrounds the old city of Jodhpur; a century after the city was founded. Eight gates lead out from the walled city. It was from here, that those baggy/tight horse-riding trousers, Jodhpurs, took their name.


CULTURE

Jodhpur is rich in jewelry, each area having its own unique style. Some of the traditional designs are Rakhri, Timaniyan, Bala, Bajuband, Gajra, Gokhru, Jod, etc. The lifestyle in Jodhpur, is unusually fascinating, with folks wearing lovely multihued costumes, designed artistically.

Women folk wear wide gathered skirts and a hip length jacket, with three quarter length sleeves, covering the front and back. The colorful turbans worn by the men folk, add more color to the city. Jodhpur's famous Ghoomar dance, which derives its name from ghoomna or pirouetting, displays the spectacular colors of the flowing ghagra, the long, skirt of the Marwari women.

Men and women of Jodhpur sing devotional as well as festive songs. Songs by the saint-poets like Kabir, Meera and Malookdas are part of the folk repertoire.


FOOD

There are a variety of eateries in Pushkar catering to all tastes and pockets. You can choose from Thai, Italian, Mexican and Mughlai cuisine. A lot of places have buffets that are popular and reasonable. Be sure to sample Malpuas, pancakes soaked in sugar syrup, which is the typical sweet of Pushkar.
Rose jam is another favourite and you could also pick up some high quality gulkand.


SHOPPING

Jodhpur is renowned for its tie and dye textiles, jootis, lacquerware, antiques, carpets and puppets. A major part of the sightseeing includes visiting some of the many shopping areas. The most famous being the Sadar Bazaar, which has the entire list, mentioned above, plus lots of knick-knacks.


ENTERTAINMENT

Marwar Festival Held in October in Jodhpur, this annual, event attempts to showcase the art culture of the Jodhpur region. It ids devoted almost exclusively to song and dances, and the Maand Festival has become a part of this huge region celebration.


USEFUL INFORMATION

Location :     


Situated in western Rajasthan, the city is accessible from Jaisalmer and Bikaner, at comfortable distances of 300 km and 330 km respectively. The highway connecting these three cities is well maintained and road travel is quite convenient.

Climate :

Jodhpur has an extreme climate. Rainfall is scanty and erratic, averaging at 32 cm annually. The minimum temperature in summer is 20°C and maximum temperature varies between 45°C to 49°C. The winter temperatures hover between the mid twenties at the max to 5-6°C at the lowest.


JODHPUR SIGHT-SEEING

Meherangarh Fort

Still run by the maharaja of Jodhpur, Meherangarh, the Majestic Fort, is 5 km. Long, On a 125-meter high hill and is one of the most impressive and formidable structures. The gates, of which there are seven, include the Jayapol, built by Maharaja Mansingh in 1806, following his victory over the armies of Jaipur and Bikaner, and the Fatehpol, or Victory Gate, erected by Maharaja Ajit Singh to commemorate his defeat of the Mughals. The final gate is the Lohapol, or Iron Gate, beside which are 15 hand prints, the sati (self-immolation) marks of Maharaja Man Singhs widows, who threw themselves upon his funeral pyre in 1843. They still attract devotional attention and are usually covered in red powder. Within the fort, are some of the magnificent palaces with marvelously carved panels, latticed windows and evocative names.

Umaid Bhawan Palace

The Umaid Bhawan Palace is built of marble and pink sandstone. This immense palace is also known as the Chhittar Palace, because of the local Chhittar sandstone used. Begun in 1929, it was designed by the president of the British Royal Institute of Architects, for Maharaja Umaid Singh, and took 15 years to complete. Probably the most surprising thing about this grandiose palace is that it was built, so close to Independence, after which the maharajas, princely states and the grand extravagances common to this class, would soon be a thing of the past. It is said, that the palace was built as a royal job-creation program, to provide employment for thousands of local people during a time of severe drought. This has been converted into a palace hotel.

Umaid Bhawan Museum

The Umaid Bhawan Museum is well worth a visit. On display, is an amazing array of items, belonging to the maharaja: weapons, fascinating antique clocks, dainty crockery, and hunting trophies.













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